Different Types of Fibers Used for Carpets; Expert’s Guide

Carpets are the most useful and timeless floor treatments that offer exemplary comfort and several other benefits. Adding a carpet to any and every room can significantly improve the overall interior’s look, comfort, coziness, and value. However, all these perks and pros can only be achieved with the right kind of carpet selection which requires a keen understanding of the carpet construction materials (fibers).

Learning about various carpet fiber types is greatly important as it helps with correct and suitable purchases since each type has different attributes and works for distinctive usage scenarios. In this interesting guide by Shaggy Rugs, we’ll be going through various fiber types for carpets to help you with a mindful and beneficial purchase.

Digging Major Carpet Fiber Types | Pros, Cons, And Essential Considerations 

Carpet Fibers

Up ahead, is our precise take on the major carpet fiber types, along with their main pros and cons. Moreover, you’ll also get to know what are the most suitable places and settings to use a certain type. We’ve grouped all the types into two categories i.e. Natural Fibers and Synthetic Fibers.

Let’s get on to it!

Natural Fibers

Natural Fabrics

These carpet fibers are obtained (extracted) directly from nature and are usually cellulose, protein or fiber-based.


Wool is the most luxurious fiber and it has always been widely used for making soft floorings. It’s known for its unique and outstanding softness, toughness against stains and heavy-duty profile. Wool carpets offer maximum insulation and are highly flame-retardant as well.

  • Positives: 

Luxurious, durable, stain-resistant, flame-retardant and highly insulating

  • Negatives:

Expensive and prone to moisture damage and allergen buildup

  • Best For:

Low-traffic Bedrooms, Living Rooms, Guest Rooms And Formal Places


Jute Fabrics

Jute is another commonly used natural fiber that has a plant-based origin and is therefore an eco-friendly and sustainable material. Jute Rugs and Carpets made from jute are highly stain-resistant and offer a reasonable extent of performance. These carpets are the perfect option if you’re looking for a rustic-style floor covering.

  • Positives:

Affordable, stain-resistant, sustainable, and eco-friendly

  • Negatives:

Scratchy and prone to fading

  • Best For:

Libraries, Home Offices, Patios, Basements, Garages and Sunrooms



Sisal Fabrics

Sisal comes from Agave Sisalana and is the most eco-conscious and budget-friendly fiber choice for carpets. These sisal carpets are a great choice for areas with higher levels of foot traffic and they can be placed in moisture-prone spaces too. Moreover, maintaining sisal carpets is a true breeze and you can find plenty of all-natural color options.

  • Positives:

Durable, eco-conscious, stain and moisture-resistant

  • Negatives:

Rough-textured and prone to mold/mildew buildup

  • Best For:

Bathrooms, Kitchens, Entryways, Hallways, Patios and Mudrooms

Synthetic Fibers 

Synthetic Fibers

These fibers are man-made and constructed in factories and have more resistance against chemical damage.


Nylon is a man-made fiber that is known for its heavy-duty performance, durability, and stain-resistance. Carpets made from nylon are also a great choice for people with breathing problems or allergies as they are good at trapping allergens. Upkeep requirements for nylon carpets are fairly simple and cheap, making them suitable for busy households.

  • Positives:

Long-lasting, affordable, stain-resistant and aesthetically versatile

  • Negatives:

Slightly uncomfortable and likely to trap dust

  • Best For:

High-traffic Areas, Bedrooms, Staircases and Kids’ Rooms


Polyester is a soft, thick, and greatly comforting fiber for carpets. These carpets provide a remarkable level of underfoot comfort and room insulation, leading to better energy efficiency. Polyester is frequently blended with other materials like cotton to design more hard-wearing and durable carpets. It’s also highly stain and fade-resistant.

  • Positives:

Budget-friendly, comfy, fade and stain-resistant and low-maintenance

  • Negatives:

Moderately durable and likely to become hot

  • Best For:

Bedrooms, Dining Rooms, Living Rooms and Guest Bedrooms


Olefin or Polypropylene is a popular carpeting fiber with excellent moisture resistance, making it a wonderful choice for humid spaces. Besides, carpets made from Olefin do not stain easily and are convenient to maintain as well. You can expect a great deal of durability and cost-effectiveness from these affordable carpets.

  • Positives:

Stain-proof, moisture-resistant, cheap, and convenient to care for

  • Negatives:

Not extremely soft and luxurious and can catch flames

  • Best For:

Laundry Rooms, Kitchens, Bathrooms, Basements and Home Offices

Additional Helpful Tips To Choose The Best Carpet Types

Choose The Best Carpet

These bonus tips will further help you in selecting the most perfect carpets for your places:

  • If you’re looking for budget-friendly home floor coverings, opt for synthetic carpet options instead of natural ones.
  • Consider the level of foot traffic and general usage extent of the room that you plan on getting carpeted.
  • Take the climate of your place into account when choosing carpets; go for insulating options like wool and polyester for colder areas and lightweight ones for warmer areas.
  • If you want extra performance and durability from your carpets, choose those with blended fibers as they tend to be more serviceable (combining the features of two or more fibers) than single fiber types.
  • Have detailed discussions with the carpet supplier or retailer about the maintenance requirements of your chosen carpets and only go for those whose care needs work for your lifestyle.
  • Make sure to buy suitable and high-quality underlayments if the carpet you’re purchasing does not have integrated padding. Underlayment or padding is really necessary for obtaining optimal comfort, performance and durability from carpets.
  • Always get professional carpet installation services as they ensure flawless results and long-lasting benefits.
  • Acclimate your carpets for at least 24 hours or according to the manufacturer’s guidelines in the same room where you plan to install them.

In A Nutshell

Hoping for our comprehensive information about Different Types of Fibers Used for Carpets to be majorly helpful for you. We’ve not just listed all the major carpet fiber versions but have also conducted a thorough advantages and drawbacks section for them. It goes without saying that investing in the right soft flooring is really crucial to get a good value for the money. And the purchase calls for sound research beforehand. Our guide will provide you with all the necessary info in one place and you can absolutely count on it for buying the best carpets!

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